Medical equipment always is important to assist doctors and nurses as aiding patient for diagnosis of disease, treatment, even rescue in emergency. So according to the definition of medical equipment, it is exactly to apply to human body as apparatuses, devices, appliances, materials or other articles solely or combinedly, also including needed software sometimes. Medical equipment is crucial and fundamental factors for medical treatment, scientific research, education, institution and jobs of clinic subjects. There are many classification to medical equipment. At the first, according to FDA (US. Food & Drug Administration), they have classified almost 1,700 different generic types of devices, and also have grouped these devices into 16 medical specialties. So in terns of device’s class, we may know as class I General Controls, class II General Controls and Special Controls, class III General Controls and Pre-market Approval. Well this is really regular and professional classification, so aiming at common understand by people then we may simply divide into two parts such as Hospital application and Home application for medical equipment.
Hospital Medical Equipment
Everyone experience treatment of disease in hospital, no matter chronic disease or acute disease. So we should know some simply and common devices. Actually these medical equipment are enough for us as common senses. Normally in hospital, specialists, doctors and insiders advocate to classify variety of medical equipment into three main types such as diagnosis instruments, treatment devices and auxiliary equipment, meanwhile, diagnosis instruments also sort into 8 types. These instruments sometimes are super expensive because of its sophisticated technology and high quality materials such as alloy frame and cases. So generally the instruments has been sourced through qualified and large scale manufactures. I hope you may know these equipment through my introduction below, I will offer a few examples belonging to type of diagnostic apparatus.
- X-Ray Diagnostic Instrument, actually it was discovered by Wilhelm Roentgenin 1895, then X-ray at present, are most used for medical diagnosis, also for cancer treatment. X-ray diagnostic instrument’s working principle is about that they are electromagnetic energy waves which are much more energetic than normal light rays.
- Ultra Diagnostic Instrument, now it is developing new ultra sound technology and related products for diagnostic imaging of the brain, trans-bone or other organs’ Ultra diagnostic instrument may enhance the quality, meanwhile, reduce patient care cost in emergency department. So this instrument has been widespread to apply for the hospitals in many countries.
I have introduced two types of instruments for diagnosis application. By the next, treatment devices or called treatment instruments are also important classification, in meantime, there are 10 of small types in treatment instruments such as ward nursing apparatus (Sickbed, Ward cart, Oxygen cylinders, Gastric lavage machine, Syringe and Dermajet); surgical equipment (Surgical bed, Lighting equipment, Surgical apparatus and various of surgical tables, shelves, stools, cabinets); radiation treatment equipment including contact therapy unit, superficial therapy unit, deep treatment unit, accelerator; dialyzing treatment equipment; chemical radiation equipment; Physicochemical equipment; laser equipment; rescue equipment; body temperature freezing equipment; other related treatment equipment such as semiconductor cold knife, solid cold knife and so on. Here we go, some examples below,
- Ward Nursing Equipment, a lot of equipment and instruments may outfit in the ward or therapy room such as hospital bed, specialized nightstand, infusion bottle stand and so on. According to different room, with different the facilities.
- Rescue Equipment, the main and important equipment is respirator. Certainly, the Ultra nebulizer is another common equipment in ward or saying in ICU. These devices may help doctors to rescue the patients immediately so that the patient with treatment relieve about their disease or avoiding death.
The auxiliary equipment is the third main classification, there are a lot of instruments or devices to divide into it such as refrigerating equipment, disinfection and sterilization equipment, Air conditioner system, blood bank equipment, medical data processing equipment, pharmaceutical machinery and so on. Let us have a look about related handout photo.
- Disinfection equipment, and one nursing staff cleans the room by sterilization equipment.
Home Medical Equipment
From name itself, you may find out that the medical equipment and devices mainly adapt to home application, differentiate from hospital equipment because of its features as easy operation, small size, convenient carrying. There are many devices such as electric thermometer, electric sphygmometer, Blood glucose meter and so on. Let us have a look about some pragmatic devices, may help you future in case of some sudden incident.
- Electric Tooth-Brushes, you might be surprised and doubt about its classification, a medical equipment? Yes, this tool may help you to prevent tooth decay.
- Electric Thermometer, every family must own one about thermometer, meanwhile I recommend electric thermometer due to it is more safe comparing to mercury thermometer, and more fast to get result about your body temperature.